By 13 reasons (13 Reasons Why), like this calls the series of the moment in Netflix and of which all the world speaks and with reason. Why has so much success? It is worth it to make a small analysis, since it treats a delicate subject and a good reason to see it is the emotional impact that generates us a big sensitisation with the history, that to more than one will have remembered him his own adolescence.
The series narrates a too invisible problem in our society: the teenage suicide, narrated by the own youngster, Hannah Baker (Katherine Langford) through a series of strips of of cassette that leaves before his death explaining the reasons of his decision. The last in receiving the strips is his fellow Clay, through the cual go deshilachando the history. The series is based in the novel written by Jay Asher in 2007, which would be recommended to read (only has 288 pages) to be able to contrast the histories.
ALERT SPOILER. If you still have not seen the series or read the book, is better that leave to read or you enterarás of part of the argument.
Index of contents.
- 13 reasons of By 13 Reasons.
- The name of the series.
- The teenage period: seriously in United States is like this?
- Absent parents and little communicative.
- Sex, drugs and rock&roll.
- Arms everywhere.
- School bullying: bullying.
- Sexual bullying.
- Excessive apologia to the perfectionism.
- The sexual orientation, subject tabú.
- The attitude of the school centre.
- Fault of emotional intelligence of Hannar Baker.
- The performance of the psychologist of the centre.
- More problems of the protagonists.
- Final conclusion.
13 reasons of By 13 Reasons (13 Reasons Why).
Before beginning say that more than a psychological analysis of the series, is a mere personal opinion with some psychological character and no a definite diagnostic. The article will serve also to open debate about the series and his psychological appearances (good and bad) through the comments. If you have not seen the series, recommend you that at least you read you some synopsis if you want to read and understand the article.
13 Reasons Why, is definitely an impactante history that to a lot of people will do him reflexionar on our society and like the small details can unchain big consequences like sucede in the paradox of the effect butterfly. No only it narrates the history of a teenage suicide, but of rapes, sexual bullying, school bullying, the loving relations, the digital communication, relate them parents-children, the friendship and another series of difficulties acclimatised in an American institute.
These are my 13 reasons of By 13 Reasons to take into account of the series, are not neither the best neither the worst and am convinced that they will be missing one thousand details:
The name of the series: By 13 Reasons.
The series is impregnated of a big dramatismo that invades to the viewer of the need to want to know more, to want to see the denouement of the things, from the own title. There are 13 reasons and want to know them all, and want to know it already. Besides, it sounds background Joy Division, following chapter.
This type of technician uses a lot in the advertising and in the promotion of products. An open question without answering is used to to need of an answer. Our brain needs to close the circle to anybody likes him that they leave him with the honey in the lips.
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The teenage period. Seriously in United States is like this?
To the teenage public are used to him like the series in which they can feel identified, like the environment of the institute, the majority of series of teenagers of success have this thematic. Teenage public livestock. However, the deep thematic of the series keeps to the viewer adult identified at all times with many of the situations that occur, surely that they have lived direct or indirectly, like the bullying. A lot of parents see this series to try avoid that this can them suceder to his own children.
There is a thing that it is necessary to take into account, the series is acclimatised in the American institutes in which the youngsters of 17 years go in his own cars to class, and that “seem” to have a degree of greater maturity of the that really have, that mania with accelerating the natural process of biological development. To the boys it is necessary to leave them be boys and not creating adults in bodies of boys that afterwards will be boys in body of adults. For this end does not help too much that the actors that embody to the protagonists have in reality 3-4 years or even 10 years more, as it is the case of Zach, interpreted by Ross Butler that will fulfil 27 years próximamente. That is to say, the teenage viewers have eyes, and at the end will associate behaviours of adults where would not have to have them.
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Absent parents and little communicative.
One of the most striking things of the series, and to his time one of the most important factors inside the development of the teenage personality, are the relations that the protagonists have with his parents. The family of Hannah, the leading, goes through a difficult derivative situation of economic problems of the familiar business. By moments, take for granted that his daughter will adapt to to situation and do not loan excessive attention, of unaware way, to the problems of the youngster that seem to be categorizados with lower priority. What said of the effect butterfly, all the problems have to be listened, by very small that seem. It remembers that the aleteo of a butterfly can unchain the elder of the tornados.
Perhaps the economic problems of the family of Hannah did that this did not express with them properly, constrained by not being “a nuisance” more for them, shutting in himself same increasingly. It did not give the sufficient degree of confidence between them to be able to be this small support that Hannah needed. Although the parents of Hannah are exemplary, because they are it, were not able to identify the situation with antelación. Perhaps this has generated a feeling of fault, the same that feel the rest of protagonist.
Although Hannah is the leading, other protagonists suffer of absent parents. Each one in a different case and that in the long run generates ones or other problems.
It is the bad of the film, the typical popular boy, captain of the team of baseball, with cochazo and house. But, the parents curiously hardly ever are home, which allows him make parties desenfrenadas, flirt with the drugs (and the drug trafficking), sex without consent, etc. Anyway, a series of antisocial behaviours that turn it into a be a so much despicable, however… Like raisin with the almost psychopaths, this dark face sees concealed by his more popular side, to the that all want to, even seems a charismatic leader.
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The in case of Justin, in a principle shows a very similar profile to the of Bryce. It is the captain the team of basketball, with a sweet smile, the typical popular boy and lucky with the girls. However, his case is very different. Justin lives in a family desestructurada, a mother with problems of drugs and that suffers the maltreatment of the boyfriends of his mother, that treat it as if of an annoying object treated . What him sucede to the people that suffer this type of situations in his infancy is of all known. This does him go out of his familiar niche in advance in search of a receive. His shelter is Bryce, what carries him to protect it of situations injustificables. Until it pops. I create to think that his future from the decision to break the familiar toxic relations and of friendship that had, will carry him to a more prosperous future.
The absent parents are not only those that literally are not of fitness, but also those that exert a sobreproteccionismo on his children. They are perhaps the cases of Courtney, Zach or even Clay. The first has directly fear to defraud to his parents, the second clearly sees constrained in a lot of moments of the history by part of a strict mother. On the other hand, the parents of Clay do not allow neither that have privacy in his room and one of the norms of his house is that they are the open doors, why?, to case do not trust your son the sufficient? Give him space.
Be father is difficult and in the series sees reflected in multiple moments. Any person can be victim of this type of bullying or psychological problem, happening unobserved in front of our eyes.
Sex, drugs and rock&roll.
In the series do continue allusions to drugs like the marijuana, the youngsters of the clan of Bryce and Justin smoke grass in practically all the chapters. It is this a good example? Obviously no. An adult can understand what is sucediendo in the scene, but the film in hands of a teenager can interpret the consumption like an upper status, that in fact have it in the series. If you go to see the series with your lower children, procures to explain the content.
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Another curious data are the continuous parties that make , seem to be that they happen it to him very well in United States, do not know it, that somebody confirm me the veracity of this. The case is that the parties home of the parents where joint to more than 100 people, drinks alcohol, ingieren drugs and keeps sex desenfrenado are the bread of each day. Obviously this, at least in Spain no sucede, to not being some that another university party, but remember that these youngsters still go to the institute. I do not say that it did not be to have a good time, but I think that it sees to simple sight that idealises a situation.
Once again we speak of social status. Seriously a party maca your social status? This seems to be that it is one of the things that more concerns him to one of the leading, Jessica. The American society seems to improve this, but would not make this format of dances of end of course in which practically it is an obligation carry couple, why?
Music. Regarding the music, choose to Joy Division like soundtrack definitely is a tarpaulin. We remember that the leader of the group, Ian Curtis, suicidó. It is the favourite group of co-protagonist Alex Standall and sounds in the car of another of the protagonists, Tony.
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One of the things that more has called me the attention is the ease with access it to the arms the American youngsters. 4 of the protagonists have relations with arms. Jessica knows the combination of the strong box of his father where saves armament; Justin takes a weapon hid in a casserole before going of house of his mother; Tyler buys a gun and saves it in a case and Alex directly hits a shot. This in Spain would be unthinkable, but in United States likes them play with fire, never better said.
School bullying: bullying.
It is the thematic fundamental of the film and nowadays nowadays there is multiple campaigns of sensitisation. Perhaps because of the social networks that viralizan all type of acts of bullying and the cases arrive to a lot of more people. In the series treat different types of bullying or bullying, no only to Hannah but to other co-protagonists.
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For example Tyler, the boy of the photos, in a principle is he the stalker, making him photos to Hannah and Courtney that afterwards viralizan by the social networks. How much danger has a telephone nowadays! Well, after this is the own Tyler the one who suffers school bullying quite vejatorio, and although it do not explain , very probably also suffered it before, and therefore it took refuge in his camera of extraneous photos to the rest.
The school bullying is a very serious subject and of difficult solution, the psicoeducación is fundamental in all the fields: youngsters, professional, parents and public institutions. If return more difficult when a society keeps like norm the competitiveness like formula for the acquisition of social status from boys. We reward the like and likes me to them in the social networks like measure of only success. Something goes bad.
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Another of the subjects more impactantes the Jessica and Hannah suffer sexual bullying, by the same person. In the first case, in his own room and under the effects of the alcohol (or what went). Bryce, is the one who exerts the bullying without any type of remorse (shot psicopáta) and paralyses to two people that know the facts, Justin and the own Hannah. The first, constrained by his narrow relation with Bryce, attains to explode and frees of this emotional pressure. Hannah, was not able to handle his emotions with regard to what had witnessed.
The bullying it is necessary to report it, any type of aggression has like measure prioritaria the help of the other for supererlo and report any type of violent situation. Each one of the members that received the strips, although it went to posteriori, knew what had happened and any (except the emotional explosion of Justin) reported the facts, by what any of them managed it of correct way. To the end, when the pressure already can with them.
Excessive apologia to the perfectionism.
The perfectionism can be a tremendo factor inmovilizante, such as we commented in east another article: Fear to the unknown or the perfectionism inmovilizante. No all the world has the qualities of personality to be the best in everything, is clear. However, in the series (and in the majority of American films) seems that the best is: the one who has the girl or boy more good-looking or good-looking, the best car, the best notes, the best cloths, the captain of the team, the one who does the best party, the one who has more sex, the one who takes out better notes (sometimes).
In definite, pleads to a false perfectionism that it could frustrate the lives of more than one or to make things little ethical to improve the hypothetical social status. The own Hannah Baker suffered of this constant need to be “perfect”. The parents change the car by one better so that it can stand out in the dance of the school (seriously?). Like this, for one moment his fellow did him feel lucky. But this, for one moment. That is not the healthiest motivation for inculcarle values to a teenager, the money buys the happiness, until some material limits. In fact, the boy that really likes him goes in bicycle (Clay) and no in a descapotable, that supposes a motivation extrínseca of lower scope on a long-term basis and that more times it will be necessary to renew so that surta the same psychological effect.
Another fact that reaffirms the frustration of Hannah, is when in a scene speaking with his parents on his situation in the school, the own Hannah him recrimina to his mother that she yes had been popular in the school, to which assents his father. Once again, the requirement to be popular involves unexpected consequences.
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The sexual orientation, subject tabú.
In the series exist two marked histories on sexual orientation. Two of the protagonists are gays, but any of them shows it of open way. The one who more Tony, that leaves see with some “fellow ” special” but neither so at least Clay darse until it explains it to him finally.
The another case is the one of Courtney, Asian youngster of parents gays, that seems to want to hide also his homosexual condition. It is the most popular girl of the institute and thinks that recognise this fact would prejudice him in his relations and in his power in the institute.
It seems that to the Americans costs them still normalise the subject.
The attitude of the school centre.
The school seems more concerned for resolving the judicial problem after the complaint of the parents of Hannah that discover the reality of the problem. It is sad, but in too many cases that is the reality. The institutions try to clean the hands in front of events of this type, trying culpabilizar exclusively to the victim. It is easy to throw him the fault to the dead person.
Fault of emotional intelligence of Hannah Baker.
Hannah had a problem of emotional character, was unable to communicate properly his feelings and this carry it to conflictive situations, as not speaking with his parents of his problems, not to say him to Clay what happened him after besarse, expect to that the gentleman Porter (psychologist orientaador of the centre) discovered what happens him when it attends to him just before the suicide. Would have Hannah Baker alexitimia?
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The performance of the psychologist, Mr. Porter.
It is not easy to detect this type of situations, although it can seem it, and am convinced that the gentleman Porter (psychologist orientador of the centre) tried to follow the good practice of his profession. However, it makes a mistake when it says him to Hannah that there is not more solution that face the situation and go on. Although Hannah did not open the sufficient and did not explain the details of what happened him (by his fault of emotional expression, perhaps by the shock of the situation), would have to have him left the open door to another type of solutions, be of some more affective way with her and loan him help or simply expect to that she decided to explain what happens, to his side. In this type of situations, although no has to him force to speak if it does not want to, has to be patient and be with her, show him that are for what need to his side, be support until the emotional expression and the degree of necessary confidence emerge. The person already feels arropada simply with this fact. Not doing at all sometimes is to do a lot.
More problems of the protagonists.
All the protagonists of the series have some problems, no only the state depresivo of Hannah Baker.
- Clay: problems between his parents, the death of a fellow, parents sobreprotectores, fault of adaptation in the school, etc.
- Alex: problems of adaptability, tendencies depresivas, fault of asertividad, etc.
- Justin: problems home with his mother and maltreatment with his stepfather.
- Zach: Low self-esteem, parents restrictivos.
- Bryce: antisocial tendencies.
- Shery: Possible stress postraumático and feelings of fault after causing an accident.
- Tony: it is likely that have problems home, stressed perhaps by his sexual condition.
- Jessica: emotional problems, problems with the interpersonal relations, problems with the alcohol, impulsividad…
From my point of view, is a choral series, in which all the characters have part of leadership although the greater weight of the history fall on the good of Clay, that is the one who adventure to take measures by his account and resolve the problems that unchained the suicide of Hannah Baker. The central subject of the series is the school bullying, but the feeling of fault also earns a leading dimension. All the protagonists are unable to manage the emotion of fault by the sucedido.
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In a principle Clay feels a culprit more than the death of Hannah, but in the final chapter achieves a fundamental learning for him, face the opportunities and not wasting the time by fear, this shows when it finishes the series inviting to go out to another girl, Skye, abandoning his feeling of fault.
Series impactante, cruel and very necessary from my point of view in spite of the puncritical cough. The aim of the series is to arrive to what more better public and it is necessary to take advantage of this type of situations to achieve the greater sensitisation of a grave problem that in too many cases happens unobserved or even arrives hide or subtract importance by the own victim. The victims feel blocked and powerless to communicate the negative situation that live and put smiles where sometimes there are tears, by shame or simply by not concerning to his beings wanted.
It looks for help, always there is an exit. If you do not know to the one who resort, in Spain the free number against the school bullying is the: 900 018 018.
This has been my small critical contribution to this series, now would like me know your opinion to expand the analysis. We open debate.