Sport

(Español) Diferencia entre rendimiento en el entrenamiento y en la competición.

rendimiento deportivo

It is very common to differentiate between competitive players and players of training. The second are those able to do better to his mates and team during a training but that the day of the party his performance diminishes. And it is that it is not the same to train that compete, especially when we speak of high sportive performance.

During the training the sportsmen purchase, perfect and consolidate all the contents and useful resources that requires the sportive practice so that they achieve to optimise these possibilities of face to the real competition.

Difference between performance in the training and in the competition.

It is therefore evident that what more work  during the training more probability of competitive success exists. However, we have to differentiate between the performance in the training and the performance in the competition, being both necessary types for the improvement of the sportive practice.

The performance in the training does reference to the assimilation of the information, the execution and the development of the habits, aptitudes and improvement of the technical contents-coordinativos, tactical-cognitive, physical-conditional and psychological of the sporty.

On the other hand, the performance in the competition involves the put in efficient practice and of the available resources that have learnt  during the training in function of the specific demands of the real game. It is the purest resolution of problems in the lower possible time and with the greater possible success.

The sportive psychology can help to reach the aims of both performances having in what 5 appearances:

  1. General aims. 
  2. Specific aims.
  3. Situational demands
  4. Performance of the sportsmen. 
  5. Assessment of the performance. 

In this table can appreciate  therefore the differential characteristics of the sportive performance in the training and in the competition according to these appearances.

  SPORTIVE PERFORMANCE IN THE TRAINING SPORTIVE PERFORMANCE IN THE COMPETITION
GENERAL AIM Improvement of the future performance. Improvement of the present performance to results.
SPECIFIC AIMS Improvement of the technical contents-coordinativos, tactical-cognitive, physical-conditional and psychological of the sporty Efficient utilisation of the contents and available resources.
SITUATIONAL DEMANDS Situations programmed in advance, with different aims and tasks of variable difficulty adapted to the needs of education-learning.
  • The situations poses them the competition of form no programmed.
  • Difficulty and requirement less varied, especially in individual and repetitive sports.
PERFORMANCE OF THE SPORTSMEN
  • Essay of behaviours that do not dominate  to the improvement.
  • Repetition of behaviours that dominate  for his maintenance and tuned.
  • Exhibition to the sobreesfuerzo and psychological stress to improve the capacity of afrontamiento to the stress. 

 

  • Utilisation of dominant behaviours. The player only has to be able to take the decision to choose properly the skill that dominate in profit of the game.
  • The physical and psychological effort poses it the environment and the existent demands.
ASSESSMENT OF THE PERFORMANCE
  • The fulfillment of the activities, exercises or tasks programmed is predominant to the efficient execution.
  • They have to establish criteria of efficiency in function of aims of each one of the tasks of specific form.
  • The execution of the behaviour of efficient form is the most important.
  • It values  so much the execution of the appropriate behaviour as of the result obtained independently of how make  the behaviour.

Therefore, the work of performance in the training has to go linked directly with the work in the performance in the competition since it is not a fully bidirectional relation. The competitive player in party, when seeing his results reflected in what it stops in theory is the important, subtracts importance to his preparation in the trainings (case Romario in the decade of the 90 in the F.C. Barcelona, player of football that surrendered in the parties but no in the training).

Committed basic of the sportive training.

To attain the improvement in the performance in the training, the work of the trainer advised or no by a sportive psychologist have to base  in five fundamental pillars:

  1. Planning of the training.
  2. Adherencia To the sessions of training.
  3. Education-Learning of skills and notable behaviours and by sportive contents. 
  4. Repetitive essay of the skills and behaviours: training in himself.
  5. Exhibition and essay under conditions of competition.

Besides, we have to have clear the age and the type of sportsman with which are working to delimit in which point have to do more emphasis in the work, differentiating like this between the sportsmen of initiation, the sportsmen of elite and those sportsmen of initiation.

Put a sportive psychologist in your club, to manage, observe, evaluate, correct and advise the behaviours of your players in search of the efficiency and the sportive performance.

 

Sobre el autor

Iván Pico

Graduado en Psicología (UNED). Nº Colegiado G-5480. Diplomado en Ciencias Empresariales (USC). Máster en Psicología del Trabajo y las Organizaciones. (INESEM). Máster Universitario Oficial en Orientación Profesional (UNED). Posgrado en Neuromarketing (Universidad Camilo José Cela). Técnico Deportivo Nivel II, fútbol sala (RFEF). Especialista en Psicología Aplicada al Deporte. Etc, etc...
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