Emotional Intelligence

Basic Emotions: Criteria for classifying.


Although it is difficult to clearly delineate human emotions, it seems clear that there are more basic than other emotions. The distinction between basic emotions and the rest is that it exists in the basic emotions constancy between coping (mobilization for action they produce) and emotional form itself.

An example of this is the typical mobilization of the emotion of fear: escape or avoidance of the situation. Non-basic emotions do not have these constant ways of coping. Take for example the emotion of jealousy that both can lead to violence as depression or other different manifestations. Another feature that differentiates a basic emotion of a nonbasic is that the former have a concrete form of facial expression recognized in different cultures.

Basic emotions resemble primary colors, from which they leave combining other colors, this is the theory Plutchik.

>> Recommended article: The wheel of emotions, Robert Plutchik

Criteria for classifying emotions as basic.

Several authors have used other criteria to classify many emotions as basic as Fernández-Abascal the most important are the following:

  • Coping: love, hatred, despair, desire, despair, hope, anger, fear, hate, sadness and courage. Author: Arnold (1960)
  • Facial expressions: anger, joy, fear, disgust, surprise and sadness. Author: Ekman et al (1982)
  • Processing: joy, anxiety, guilt, contempt, disgust, excitement, anger, fear, surprise and shame. Author: Izard (1991).
  • Relationship instincts: awe, elation, anger, fear, disgust, submission and tenderness. Author: McDougall (1926).
  • Inborn: pain and pleasure. Author: Mowner (1960).
  • Biological adaptation: acceptance, joy, excitement, anger, fear, disgust, surprise and sadness. Author: Plutchik (1980).
  • Download nervous: anxiety, contempt, interest, anger, joy, fear, disgust, surprise and shame. Author: Tomkins (1984).
  • Attributional independence: guilt, despair, happiness, anger, surprise and sadness. Author: Weiner (1986).

I recommend that you go through emotional intelligence section of the web to learn more about the world of emotions.

>> Related article: Emotions for everyone: Inside Out

Iván Pico

Director y creador de Psicopico.com. Psicólogo Colegiado G-5480 entre otras cosas. Visita la sección "Sobre mí" para saber más. ¿Quieres una consulta personalizada? ¡Escríbeme!

Añadir Comentario

Click aquí para dejar un comentario

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

💬 ¿Te ayudo?
👋 ¡Hola! Soy Iván Pico, psicólogo. Gracias por tu visita. ¿Necesitas una consulta más personalizada?

Soy especialista en aplicar la psicología a la resolución de conflictos diarios.

Psicología aplicada al trabajo, la educación, el deporte, las tecnologías o las relaciones personales.

🔜 Consulta Express: Por solo 5€ recibe mi respuesta profesional de valoración (máximo 300 palabras o 1 minuto de audio).

🦸‍♂ Empieza tu proceso de orientación con unas tarifas muy asequibles.

¡Escríbeme sin compromiso para conocer más detalles

📲+34627 40 47 96 | info@psicopico.com