What is NLP? Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) studies the elements that influence the way people think and in the way they communicate and behave. NLP appears in the US in the 1970s hand computer and psychologist Richard Bandler and linguist John Grinder when they were studying the patterns of action of three influential psychotherapists: Milton Erikson, Fritz Perls and Virginia Satir. In his studies he analyzed the positive associations, metaphors and rapport.
They also collected ideas from other diverse authors as Noam Chomsky or Korzybski of whom learned patterns typical language. Gradually they were focusing on the study of the kind of communication we use people with our environment and ourselves. Studying these therapists realized that the form of action was applicable to the analysis of human activity in different fields: education, persuasion or personal address.
Bandler and Grinder studied over a period of almost ten years to the best communicators in the world, people who were particularly gifted in terms of communication skills and change management. Thus, NLP emerged as communication strategy, personal development and psychotherapy.
Why it is called Neurolinguistic Programming?
Programming. People are programmed since childhood and they themselves are programmed to organize their own ideas and actions, developing habits to achieve the desired results. A person is scheduled to perform actions of everyday life: behaviors that continue to brushing teeth, dressing, etc.
Neuro. All behaviors are the result of a neurological processes are generated and are influenced by other hormonal processes. Although the behavior is mediated more by the action of neurons by hormones.
Linguistics. Neuronal processes manifest from a double language: verbal and nonverbal; which will in turn on two levels: conscious and unconscious.
The aim of Linguistic Programming is to achieve personal mastery in all areas of life.
The initial findings enabled the development of NLP as it is known today. For example, using the technique of rapport or empathy, Bandler and Grindler managed to create an atmosphere of trust with others. Thanks to the understanding of the relationship that exists between language patterns and underlying processes, they found a way to continue their studies.
NLP is not based on the study of what is done but focuses on how. Therefore, it is not a conventional theory, but rather is something practical, made this practice a set of models, skills and techniques that help weigh and to act effectively.
By stringing a conscious behavior patterns that can be more or less complex they are made: knotting his tie, driving a car, writing, swimming, etc. When you get to dominate and control, they are become habits that arise automatically, thus unconsciously. Perform a task automatically has the advantage that the mind requires much attention and, therefore, not too much energy.
Assumptions of NLP
NLP is based on 10 cases without being absolute focus on testing the effectiveness of the same in real life.
- People elaborate mental maps of reality.
- The map is a representation of the environment.
- What people are limited to the few resources they have their own mental maps
- We must take into account only the results
- Differentiating between behavior and identity
- People act according to the context and choose the best possible option
- Each person is constituted of different parts
- The importance of communication.
- Conscious and unconscious communication
- The meaning of communication is the result of the interlocutors
Example Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP)
For example, someone may try to make a compliment and meet the recipient of the compliment has taken it as something offensive. Therefore, it is said that the problem lies in how to communicate the message and, for NLP, is this form of communicating the purpose of the change, both at the semantic level and modes of expression.
NLP will allow:
Improve learning ability. So you can manage change, start, steer and control; both professionally and personally.
Set compelling goals, which will increase the chances of achieving.
Establish trusting relationships with others.
Increase the level of self-awareness and awareness of others.
Be more flexible to enrich the choice and to gain influence over the possible situations that may arise.
Improve the ability of commitment, cooperation and participation of other members of the organization.
Control the thoughts and feelings, thus favoring control over emotions.
Develop the ability to connect with the unconscious mind.